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Jhaverchand Meghani (ઝવેરચંદ મેઘાણી)


Anyone who knows Gujarati Literature even a bit knows who Jhaverchand Meghani was. His works in Gujarati literature, especially in reviving folk culture of Kathiawaar by documenting stories hidden in the remotest village of Surashtra has been recognized worldwide. A noted poet, litterateur, social reformer and freedom fighter who left us right before independence. Mahatma Gandhi had given him the title of Raashtreeya Shaayar (National Poet).

His work was inclusive but not limited to Folklores, Poems, Folk Songs, Dramas, Travelogue, Short Stories, Novels, and Biographies. He started his career as a writer by translating Rabindranath Tagore’s Kathaa-u-Kaahinee in Gujarati with title Kurbani Ni Katha in 1922. The work he did more than writing and publishing the book as an author. He travelled throughout the span of Gujarat and then Saurashtra states, village by village, in search of traditional folklores. The first such collection of the stories was Saurashtra Ni Rasdhar.

Authored more than 100 books in Gujarati, he also served as the Editor of Phoolchhab newspaper of Janmabhoomi group.

Awards and Honours:
  1. The first recipient of Ranjitram Suvarna Chandrak in 1928 for his research and contribution in Gujarati Folklore
  2. Mahida Paritoshik in 1946 for his novel Mansaee Na Deeva, based on the life and works of Shri Ravishankar Maharaj
  3. Presented a Citation from Santiniketan in recognition of his research and contribution to Gujarati Folklore.
  4. Mahatma Gandhi had spontaneously given him the title Rashtriya Shayar (National Poet)

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