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What Information Do We Collect?
When you sign up to become a Registered User/Client/Publisher/Purchaser/End user you may be required to provide us with personal information about yourself, such as your name, address, phone number, and e-mail address (collectively, the “Personal Information”). We do not collect any Personal Information from you when you use our website or Platform unless you provide us with the Personal Information voluntarily (for example, by registering to use the Platform, requesting quote/live demo or joining our e-mail list).
In order to submit orders through the Platform, you will be required to provide certain information in addition to the Personal Information noted above. Such information may include a debit card number, credit card number, billing address, and similar information (collectively, the “Billing Information”).
In order to provide access to the Service while you are using a mobile device, we automatically collect geo-location information from your mobile device, your wireless carrier, or certain third-party service providers (“Geo-location Information”). Collection of such Geo-location Information occurs only when the platform is running on your mobile device. You may decline to allow us to collect such Geo-location Information, in which case e-Shabda will not be able to provide certain services to you. Because your Geo-location Information is subject to abuse by others, please be sure to manage your mobile device and privacy preferences on the Platform on an ongoing basis.
In addition to the Personal Information, the Billing Information, and the Geo-location Information, we may collect additional information (collectively, the “Other Information”). Such Other Information may include:
From Your Activity.
Information that we automatically collect when you use the Platform, such as the type of device from which you access the Platform, your IP addresses, browser type and language, referring and exit pages and URLs, date and time, amount of time spent on particular pages, what sections of the Platform you visit, what you order, and similar information concerning your use of the Platform.
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How We Use and Disclose Your Personal Information
We use your personal information in the following ways:
To provide you with the information you request about our services
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To ensure you are correctly billed
To measure and track demographic details about our customers
To target content on our website to more closely match your interests
To target the appropriate content for email marketing messages to better match your interests
We will provide you with choices regarding the use and disclosure of your Personal Information for marketing purposes.
If you connect to E-SHABDA through any social networking sites such as Facebook and Twitter, the information that you will share with those sites is governed by their privacy policies.
We also share your Personal Information with third parties contracted to provide us with marketing and data reporting services who are bound by an obligation of confidentiality and with other third-party marketing partners.
We currently contract with several third-party online partners to help manage and optimize our Internet business and communications. We use the services of third-party marketing companies to help us measure the effectiveness of our advertising and how visitors use our website. To do this, we use web beacons and cookies provided by such marketing companies in connection with our websites. The information we collect helps us learn things like what pages are most attractive to our visitors, which of our products most interest our customers, and what kinds of offers our customers like to see. If you do not want to help us learn how to improve our site, products, offers and marketing strategy, you can "opt-out" of our ability to analyze such data by clicking here..
We may also use or disclose Personal Information as we believe to be necessary or appropriate: (a) under applicable law, including laws outside your country of residence; (b) to comply with legal process; (c) to respond to requests from public or government authorities (d) to enforce our terms and conditions; (e) to protect our operations or those of any of our affiliates; (f) to protect our rights, privacy, safety or property, or that of our affiliates, you or others; or (g) to allow us to pursue available remedies or limit the damages that we may sustain.
We may use and disclose Other Information for any purpose. In some instances, we may combine Other Information with Personal Information (such as combining your name with your geographical location). If we combine any Other Information with Personal Information, the combined information will be treated by us as Personal Information, as long as it is so combined.
Our Security and Storage Measures
E-SHABDA seeks to maintain the integrity and security of your Personal Information. We use industry-standard protocols while receiving and transferring your Personal Information.
We seek to store your Personal Information in secure operating environments that are not accessible to the general public. We also ensure that the security measures are in place to protect against the loss, misuse or alteration of your Personal Information by our employees or third parties, however, no data transmission over the Internet or data storage environment can be guaranteed to be 100% secure, so we cannot give an absolute assurance that the information you provide to us will be secure at all times. E-SHABDA will not be held responsible for events arising from unauthorized access to your Personal Information. We will rely on you for telling us if you experience any unusual events that may indicate a breach in your information security. We will then seek to investigate whether the security breach was related to the data transmissions from our website and let you know what steps can be taken to rectify the problem. Further action, such as reporting incidents to the police or other proper authorities, may also be required.
Links to Other Web Sites
Our website may contain links to other Internet websites. We encourage contributors and other third parties to implement policies and practices that respect your privacy. We are not, however, responsible for any other website’s privacy practices or website content.
We are not responsible for the content, accuracy or opinions expressed in such websites, and such websites are not investigated, monitored or checked for accuracy or completeness by E-SHABDA. Inclusion of any linked website on our website does not imply approval or endorsement of the linked website by us. If you decide to leave our website and access these third-party sites, you do so at your own risk
Gandhiji's autobiography, "The Story of My Experiments with Truth" is one of the most read titles of the world. The autobiography has been translated in more than 15 languages in India and is available in more than 50 different languages world wide. Navajivan Trust had published the title under Gandhiji's supervision first in 1927 and has sold more than 19,00,000 copies so far. The book has inspired more and more people to study Gandhiji's thoughts and deeds.
નટવર ગાંધી નો જન્મ 1940માં સાવરકુંડલામાં. મુંબઈમાં બી.કોમ. અને એલએલ.બીનો અભ્યાસ. 1961–1965 સુધી મૂળજી મારકેટમાં, મિલની પેઢીઓમાં અને અન્ય કંપનીઓમાં નોકરી. 1965માં ઉચ્ચ અભ્યાસ માટે અમેરિકાગમન. ત્યાં એમ.બી.એ. અને પીએચ.ડી. ડીગ્રીઓ મેળવી યુનિવર્સિટી ઑફ પિટ્સબર્ગ, અમેરિકન યુનિવર્સિટી અને અન્ય યુનિવર્સિટીઓમાં શિક્ષણકાર્ય કર્યું. 1976–1997 દરમિયાન અમેરિકન કૉંગ્રેસની ‘વૉચ ડૉગ’ એજન્સી જનરલ એકાઉન્ટિંગ ઑફિસમાં ટૅક્સ પૉલિસી અને ઍડમિનિસ્ટ્રેશનના ડેપ્યુટી ડાયરેક્ટર તરીકે કામ કર્યું. 1997માં અમેરિકાની રાજધાની વૉશિંગ્ટનના ટૅક્સ કમિશનર તરીકે તેઓ નિમાયા અને ત્યાર બાદ ત્યાં જ ચીફ ફાઇનાન્સિયલ ઑફિસર તરીકે નાણાંપ્રધાનની જવાબદારી 2000થી 2014 સુધી સંભાળી. એ હોદ્દાની રૂએ વૉશિંગ્ટનના બાર બિલિયન ડૉલરના બજેટની વ્યવસ્થા અને વ્યવહાર એમના હાથમાં હતા. અમેરિકન કરવેરા અને નાણાકીય ક્ષેત્રે નોંધપાત્ર પ્રદાન કરવા બદલ નટવર ગાંધીનું ઘણા એવૉર્ડ્સથી બહુમાન થયું છે. આંતરરાષ્ટ્રીય ક્ષેત્રે ગુજરાતની પ્રતિષ્ઠા વધારવા માટે 1996માં એમને ‘વિશ્વગુર્જરી’ એવૉર્ડ પણ એનાયત થયો છે.
નટવર ગાંધીનું કામ બજેટનું, પણ એમની અભિરુચિ કવિતાની. એમની કવિતામાં એક પરદેશ વસતા ભારતીયની જન્મભૂમિ પ્રત્યેની પ્રીતિ પ્રગટ થાય છે. સાથે સાથે અમેરિકન વસવાટ, વિવિધ ધર્મવિચાર, વિધવિધ રાજકીય વિચારધારાઓ અને મૃત્યુની અનિવાર્યતા વિશે લખાયેલા કાવ્યો દ્વારા કવિ ગુજરાતી સાહિત્યમાં એક અનોખું વિષયવસ્તુ લાવે છે.
ગઈ સદીના વચલા દાયકાઓમાં દેશનાં નાનાં ગામોમાં તેમ મુંબઈ જેવા શહેરમાં સામાન્ય લોકો હાડમારીભર્યું જીવન કેમ જીવતા એનું અહીં વર્ણન કરવા પ્રયત્ન છે. વધુમાં નટવર ગાંધીની સાવરકુંડલાથી અમેરિકાની રાજધાની વૉશિંગ્ટન સુધીની જીવનયાત્રા અને વૉશિંગ્ટનને નાણાંકીય રીતે સધ્ધર બનાવવામાં એના સી.એફ.ઓ. તરીકે એમણે જે ભાગ ભજવ્યો તેની રસપ્રદ વાત આ આત્મકથામાં થઈ છે.
ગઝલના ક્ષેત્રમાં હું મહામહેનતે ગોઠવાયો છું. એક તો ઓછું ભણેલો. ભાષા, વ્યાકરણ અને જોડણીનું ખાસ જ્ઞાન નહીં. માત્ર ઊર્મિ, સંવેદન, અનુભૂતિ અને અવલોકનના બળ પર ગઝલોનું મેં સર્જન કરેલું છે અને તે તમારી સન્મુખ હાજર છે. સરળ કાફિયા, રદીફ અને વજનનો મેં શરૂઆતથી જ આગ્રહ રાખેલો છે. એ જ પ્રમાણે ગઝલ જેનો ભાર ઊંચકી શકે એવા યોગ્ય શબ્દોનો ઉપયોગ કરવો મેં હંમેશાં જરૂરી માન્યું છે.
મારા આ ગઝલસંગ્રહની કૃતિઓ મારા ઉપરોક્ત કથનને સાર્થક કરે છે. ગુજરાતે મારી ગઝલોને હાર્દિક આવકાર આપેલો છે અેને હું મારું સૌભાગ્ય સમજું છું. મારા અંગત જીવનને મારા ચાહકોએ એમની ચાહનામાં વચ્ચે આવવા નથી દીધું એ એમની ખેલદિલી છે અને હવે જ્યારે મારું અંગત જીવન અને જાહેર જીવન સમાન કક્ષા પર વહન કરે છે ત્યારે મારા અંતરની અભિલાષા એ જ છે કે મારી ગઝલોનું વાચન તેઓ એ જ દૃષ્ટિએ કરે.
The 97 volumes of The Collected Works of Mahatma Gandhi contain over 33,000 letters written by M. K. Gandhi. The editorial architecture of the CWMG does not permit the letters received by M. K. Gandhi to be incorporated in the series, except of course as some footnotes or as items in the appendices. These volumes are intended to be read along with the CWMG. For this reason, where possible, a reference to M. K. Gandhi’s response contained in the CWMG is provided. The first volume in the series contains letters from 1889-1900 and has 312 letters and 8 appendices.
The Indian people in South Africa, under the leadership of Gandhi, staged the first non-violent mass movement which involved defiance of unjust laws, courting of imprisonment, bonfires, boycotts, marches and strikes. It brought together people of different religions and linguistic groups, as well as different social classes.
This struggle secured the understanding and sympathy of many whites in South Africa — a few of whom suffered imprisonment for their active support — and of opinion in Britain, the metropolitan country. It was supported by an unprecedented solidarity movement all over India uniting people of all religions, princes and commoners, rich and poor, elder statesmen and students. Sanctions were considered for the first time as a means to combat racist oppression in South Africa.
Part I of this volume contains a brief history of the passive resistance, describing the leadership of Gandhi as well as the role of his associates and of the masses who participated in the resistance.
In Part II, we present information, mainly from published sources, on hundreds of resisters whose courage and sacrifices contributed to the success of the struggle.